The Uses of Seaweed as Fish Feed

Posted on: 09/02/2016 - Viewed: 15267
The Uses of Seaweed as Fish Feed

In fish farming, wet feed usually consist of meat waste and fish waste mixed with dry additives containing extra nutrients, all formed together in a doughy mass. When thrown into the fish ponds or cages it must hold together and not disintegrate or dissolve in the water. A binder is needed, sometimes a technical grade of alginate is used. It has also been used to bind formulated feeds for shrimp and abalone.

However, cheaper still is the use of finely ground seaweed meal made from brown seaweeds; the alginate in the seaweed acts as the binder. The binder may be a significant proportion of the price of the feed so seaweed meal is a much better choice. However, since the trend is to move to dry feed rather than wet, this market is not expected to expand.


This is also a market for fresh seaweed as a feed for abalone. In Australia, the brown seaweed Macrocystis pyrifera and the red seaweed Gracilaria edulis have been used. In South Africa, Porphyra is in demand for abalone feed and recommendations have been made for the management of the wild population of the seaweed. Pacific Dulse (Palmaria mollis) has been found to be a valuable food for the red abalone, Haliotis rufescens, and development of land-based cultivation has been undertakes with a view to producing commercial quantities of the seaweed. The green seaweed, Ulva lactuca, has been fed to Haliotis tuberculata and H.discus. Feeding trials showed that abalone growth is greatly improved by a high protein content, and this is attained by culturing the seaweed with high levels of ammonia present.


We have this available on

A guide to the seaweed industry- FAO- Dennish J.McHugh (Page 94)


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